by B.L. Williams
All information on this page is © 1999 by B. L. Williams. Any reproduction without the express written conset of Mr. Williams is expressly forbidden.
After Quantrill had entered Kentucky near Canton, he assumed the identity of Captain James Clark of the 2nd Colorado Calvary. A man he had killed in 1863. He also used the man’s uniform and identity papers(27) . It’s probable that the persona of "Captain Clark" was no mere accident. Jerome Clark, a noted Confederate guerrilla who operated with Henry Magruder, was operating in central Kentucky. As "Clark", Quantrill could further baffle the Yankees who were already thoroughly confused with the Jerome Clark - Sue Mundy look alike contest!
It was probably January 16, 1865 when Quantrill’s "2nd Colorado Calvary" passed through Greenville in Muhlenburg County. Greenville was heavily garrisoned by Union troops, but the Confederates’ "camouflage" was perfect and they excited no interest.
On Sunday, January 22, 1865, Quantrill entered Hartford in Ohio County. To the Union troops in that town, he identified himself as "Captain Jasper W. Benedict" and his command as a part of A.J. Smith’s Corps, detailed to hunt guerrillas and exterminate them" Captain Barnett and a company of 30 colored troops join the counterfeit Yankees on their supposed "guerrilla hunt" and are quietly put to death between Hartford and Litchfield(28).
Jesse James stole a horse belonging to Dr. B.N. Patterson while passing through Hartford and was identified by Reverend J. S. Coleman.(29) After the Civil War, this area would be a favored rendezvous for the James-Younger gang.(30)
Henry Magruder and fifteen men, including Jerome Clark, attacked a Union cattle train near Simpsonville. The cattle were guarded by a troop of colored union soldiers. It was cold that twenty-fifth of January of 1865. A blizzard concealed the approach of the Confederates. An eight man rear guard had scant time to fire a ragged volley before Magruder’s men were upon them, their revolvers blazing. The southerners methodically went among the cattle, killing the Negroes wherever they found them. Thirty-five more fell before the revolvers of the Confederates.(31)
At about the same time, Quantrill reaches New Market, where he identifies himself as "Captain Clark of the 4th Missouri Calvary." The Yankees order Captain Clark to detail men from his "4th Missouri Calvary" to protect ambulances sent to clean up the mess made by Magruder!(32)
Quantrill and his men enter the Lebanon and Campbellsville Turnpike at Rolling Rock near Marion County. They go into camp three miles from Lebanon. The next morning, January 27th, finds them headed for Bradsfordsville, Union major Mahoney suspicious that the4th Missouri are rebels.(33) No ambulances? Did he notice too many revolvers in "Clark’s" command?
Later that 27th of January, Quantrill enters Bradsfordsville and moves on to Federal station near Hustonville. They intend to exchange their worn horses for fresh mounts. Allen Parmer kills Yankee Lt. G. F. Cunningham for objecting to the "exchange."(34) From there Quantrill and his men go into camp at Major Dray’s on the Rolling Fork River.
On the morning of January 29, 1865, Quantrill travels alone (inference, Edwards, page 398) to Danville in Boyle County. There Quantrill is recognized and called by his correct name by a mysterious woman - probably Susan Mundy!(35). Later that same day Quantrill returns with his men to get breakfast. The next day the home guard is suspicious of Quantrill’s counterfeit "Yankees" and Quantrill disarms them and makes them go home!(36) At 11:15 a.m., the guerrillas leave Danville and travel northwest to Washington County.(37) The Yankees now realize the "4th Missouri" are Confederate guerrillas. Union Brigadier General S. S. Fry orders Major Barnes to intercept them and take no prisoners.(38)
Later that same day Quantrill and his men go to Harrodsburg in search of a hot meal, there they split into three squads and approached farm houses. One squad, lead by Sergeant John Barker, goes to the home of the Widow Vanarsdall and asks for food. They were given fried chicken.(39)
Unknown to the guerrillas, Edwin Terrill, the "Federal Guerrilla" had followed them and alerted Union Militia Colonel Bridgewater to their presence. All hell broke loose as Bridgewater’s men and the guerrillas exchange lead as night falls.
Chat Renick is killed when he goes to investigate the gunfire. The Yankees kill or capture twelve of Quantrill’s men.(40)
A running fight ensues in the darkness. The guerrillas dash towards Chaplin. Somewhere between Chaplin and Wakefield, Donnie Pence is wounded in the leg. Jesse James rescues him, but loses his hat in the process. (41) The Confederates elude the pressing Yankees sometime early January 30, 1865.
The guerrillas take breakfast at a friendly farmer’s house. Quantrill is told that "Sue Mundy’ is in Nelson County. Quantrill is in Nelson County at the time! They establish their bonafide as confederate guerrillas through the Cooper and Saunders families.(42) By whatever means, there would be a meeting the next day at Mr. Hinkle’s in Taylorsville.
We have determined that there was an impressive guest list.
Captain William Marion
two "Colonel Jesses" (OR, Series I, Vol. XLV, part II , page 617
Peter Everett & others
On January 31, 1865, Quantrill and the other guerrilla chiefs meet at Taylorsville. Topics of concern were Susan Mundy, an expedition to Pound Gap, which is on the Kentucky-Virginia line, and how best to fool the Yankees. (OR Series1, vol. XLIX, part 1, page 634.)
Captain Bill Marion is a tad suspicious: The night previous, Edwin Terrell and twenty-five of his men had made a professional effort to kill him, and that morning Susan Mundy had killed "Georgia" under questionable circumstances.(43)
"Colonel Jesse" one of whom was to "demonstrate" to get the Yankees attention while the other provided safe passage to Pound Gap for the Susan Mundy and her associates.
To satisfy Captain bill Marion’s suspicions, Quantrill’s men were to accompany him and Susan Mundy.
To satisfy Quantrill, Magruder was to assist him in capturing two Yankee officers to exchange for the men the Yankees had captured in the Harrodsburg shoot-out.
Their business concluded, the guerrilla chiefs left Mr. Hinkle’s at 1:00p.m. Magruder and Quantrill hurried to Fairfield to join with Jerome Clark and the men assembling there.
Captain Bill Marion, Susan Mundy, Jesse James an the rest of Quantrill’s and Marion’s men left Taylorsville in a Northerly direction and make camp somewhere in the vicinity of Shelbyville.
"Colonel Jesse" provides the Yankees with a diversion near Elizabethton.(44) Later that day, February 1, 1865, Captain Bill Marion, Susan Mundy, and the others cross the Louisville and Frankfort railroad(45) near Eminence and turned east to the south of New Castle, crossing the Kentucky River near Gestville and Monterey. They then turned southeast along Cedar Creek and went into camp at the home of a Union soldier some eighteen miles from Georgetown.(46)
Captain Bill Marion, Susan Mundy and the other Confederate guerrillas had a hot reception in Georgetown on the day of February 2, 1865! Frank James had his horse shot from under him. Bill Hulse, Bud Pence, Jim Younger and John Ross received slight wounds.(47) Unknown Kentucky Confederate guerrillas re-enact Marion and Mundy’s crossing of the Louisville and Frankfort railroad near Smithfield just to keep things thoroughly confusing.(48)
Rebuffed at Georgetown, Captain Bill Marion, Susan Mundy and their guerrillas turn southwest and with Georgetown to their backs they rode towards Midway. When they reached the town, they immediately took possession of a large brick building which contained both the railroad depot and the telegraph office. They robbed the safe, took whatever goods suited them the selection in the rail road depot awaiting trans shipment and then set fire to the leftovers, destroying everything, building and all.
Some of the guerrillas amused themselves by chopping down the telegraph poles, while others "exchanged" their worn horses for fresh ones. Here and there amid the chaos the words "Quantrill is with us" was heard.
A few guerrillas robbed whomever they considered to be a Yankee. Among these was one ‘Sue Mundy’.
"To whom do I have the HONOR of delivering my money?" The citizen asked. "Sue Mundy alias Captain Clark!" came the bold reply.(49)
Their work quickly done, the guerrillas mounted their horses and rode south to the farm of R. Aitcheson Alexander and his justly famed stables of fine blooded horses. Once there, Susan Mundy, Captain Bill Marion and the guerrillas relieved Alexander of his finest horse flesh. Among them, "Bald Chief", the most valuable of the nineteen or so horses taken. Their total worth was some $100,000! Marion refused Alexanders offer of $10,000.00 in leu of Bald Chief. Susan Mundy would need these prizes, at least the best of them, in the continuance of her mission to Pound Gap.
At about the same time and some 45 miles away, Jerome Clark, Henry Magruder and William Quantrill were busy trying to kidnap a couple of Yankee officers, near Danville.(50)
(27)Edwards. "Noted Guerrillas" 1877, p389. (28)McCorkle, John. Three Years With Quantrill. University of Oklahoma Press, 1992 p392-395] (29)Unattributed newspaper article by Ozno Schultz in the authors possession (30) "The Kentucky Explorer". December 1993, January 1994. p44 (31)Three Years in the Saddle, by Henry Magruder, Louisville 1865. Pages 111, 112; Silent Riders, by Thomas Shelby "Bob" Watson, 1971, Page 26; OR, Series I, Vol. XLIX, part 1, page 9. (32)OR, Series I, Vol. XLIX, part 1, page 589, communication from Lt. Colonel William H. Coyle to Captain E. B. Harlan. (33)OR, Series I, Vol. XLIX, part 1, page 603. (34)Hale, We Rode With Quantrill, 1992, p146 The Devil Knows How to Ride, p351-354; Edwards, "Noted Guerrillas" p396 (35)Edwards. "Noted Guerrillas" 1877, p397: I think it probable that she informs him of metting at Taylorsville. Edwards infers that her loose talk betrayed Quantrill's presence. (36)McCorkle, John. Three Years With Quantrill. p193-194 (37)Hale, We Rode With Quantrill. p147: OR, Series I, Vol. XLIV Part 1, pages 17, 18, 612. (38)OR, Series 1, Vol. XLIV part 1 p612 (39)Eakin & Hale, Branded as Rebles p326; We Rode With Quantrill, p147. (40)McCorkle, pages 194-196; Edwards pages 402-409; OR series 1, Vol. XLIV, Part 1 pages 18, 415, 416. (41)Beach, Damian. Civil War Battles, Skirmishes and Events in Kentucky . Page 217; Edwards, Page 409 reports skirmishes but no mention of Jesse James. OR Series 1, Vol. XLIX, Part 1, page 18; Silent Riders, Page 54, account of congressman Ben Johnson. (42)McCorkle. Pages 198-200; Edwards, page 410; Quantrill in Nelson County; Silent Riders, page 32 (43) Magruder, page 103 (44)OR, Series 1, Vol. XLIX Part 1 p626 - guerrilla movements near Elizabethtown. (45)OR, Series 1, Vol. XLIX Part 1 p626 - "Quantrill",Sue Mundy cross R & F railroad. (46) Edwards, noted guerrrillas, page 413, page 411, reports that Marion's band crossed the Kentucky River at Worthville, we doubt this because of the milage involved, the limitations of horse and human flesh and above all, the time between certain dates, comparison of OR for February 1, 1865, reveals cooperation of other guerrilla forces with Quantrill, Marion and Susan Mundy, many conflicting reports of activities. (47)Edwards, noted guerrrillas, pages 414-415. Jim Younger may have been taken prisioner at Harrodsburg January 29, 1865. Cole Younger may have been with Marion! (48)OR, Series 1, Vol. XLIX Part 1 p633, Captain E. w. Easley to Brigadier General Hobso, February 2, 1865. (49)Leslie. The Devil Knows How to Ride. p354 (50)OR Series 1 Vol. XLIX, Part 1, page 634, Lieutenant & Acting Assistant Adjutant Thomas A. Howes to Lieutenant-Colonel Rodgers, February 2, 1865, "Sue Mundy burned depot at Midway tonight." Magruder, page 116, "We made for Colonel Weatherford. We traveled until 10:00 p.m. when we stopped and fed." The "we" was Jerome Clark, Quantrill and Magruder. silent Riders, page 36, "editor of Louisville Journal, George Printice had Captain Jerome Clark making a raid on Danville, February 2nd." We consider that George Printice was correct. We refer to Magruder, pages 116-117. "Clark" is in command. We believe this to be Jerome Clark (not Quantrill, one of numerous mistakes made by whomever edited Magruder's book). "Clark" later gives command to Magruder because he did not know the territory. Jerome Clark was from Simpson & McLean counties. This territory was Magruder's home range! See Magruder, page 8.
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